Recomendaciones para la vigilancia de Aedes aegypti

Roberto Barrera, .

Palabras clave: Aedes aegypti, vectores de enfermedades, dengue, virus chikungunya, infección por el virus del zika

Resumen

La enfermedades causadas por arbovirus transmitidos por Aedes aegypti, como el dengue, el chikungunya y el zika, continúan aumentando en incidencia anual y expansión geográfica. Una limitación clave para el control de A. aegypti ha sido la ausencia de herramientas eficaces para vigilar su población y poder determinar las medidas de control que realmente funcionan. La vigilancia de A. aegypti se ha basado principalmente en la obtención de los índices aédicos, los cuales guardan poca relación con el número de hembras del mosquito, que son las responsables de la transmisión de los virus. El reciente desarrollo de técnicas de muestreo de adultos de este vector promete facilitar las labores de vigilancia y control. En esta revisión se presentan las diversas técnicas de vigilancia del mosquito, así como una discusión sobre su utilidad, con recomendaciones para lograr una vigilancia entomológica más efectiva.

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  • Roberto Barrera Dengue Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), San Juan, Puerto Rico

Citas

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Cómo citar
Barrera, R. (2016). Recomendaciones para la vigilancia de Aedes aegypti. Biomédica, 36(3), 454-462. https://doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v36i3.2892

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Publicado
2016-09-01
Sección
Revisión de tema