Intervenciones en el ambiente construido y niveles de actividad física: una revisión sistemática

Susana Barradas, Diego Lucumí , Deivis Nicolás Guzmán-Tordecilla , Jeremy Young , Diana Pinzón , .

Palabras clave: entorno construido, actividad física, promoción de la salud

Resumen

Introducción. Las enfermedades no transmisibles son la principal causa de muerte en todo el mundo y la actividad física es una estrategia preventiva clave para reducirlas. Hay una relación entre el entorno construido y la práctica de actividad física, pero poca evidencia de si las intervenciones no diseñadas en principio para promoverla, realmente tienen un impacto en ese sentido.
Objetivo. Determinar si tales intervenciones en el entorno urbano pudieron cambiar la práctica de actividad física en adultos.
Materiales y métodos. Se hizo una revisión sistemática de las intervenciones que apuntaban a modificar el entorno construido en zonas urbanas.
Resultados. De 5.605 artículos considerados, solo siete cumplieron con nuestros criterios de inclusión y en todos ellos aumentó la actividad física después de la intervención.
Conclusiones. Se recomienda que el diseño del estudio, el cronograma de implementación de las intervenciones y las mediciones posteriores sean más específicas, de manera que las medidas obtenidas sean más objetivas. Asimismo, se argumenta la necesidad de hacer más explícitos los mecanismos de cambio relacionados con las intervenciones evaluadas.

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Cómo citar
1.
Barradas S, Lucumí D, Guzmán-Tordecilla DN, Young J, Pinzón D. Intervenciones en el ambiente construido y niveles de actividad física: una revisión sistemática. biomedica [Internet]. 1 de mayo de 2022 [citado 3 de julio de 2022];42(Sp. 1):79-8. Disponible en: https://revistabiomedica.org/index.php/biomedica/article/view/6113

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Publicado
2022-05-01
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