Consumo de agua en lactantes sanos de cero a seis meses y factores efectivos: una revisión sistemática

Özge Karakaya Suzan, Ozge Kaya, Tugce Kolukısa, Oguz Koyuncu, Seda Tecik, Nursan Cinar, .

Palabras clave: ingestión de líquidos, agua potable, lactancia materna, revisión sistemática

Resumen

Introducción: La introducción temprana de líquidos y agua afecta la duración de la lactancia, el sistema inmune del lactante y posiblemente hace que los lactantes consuman menos leche materna, lo que a su vez puede afectar su estado nutricional e inmunitario.
Objetivo: Este estudio se realizó para determinar el consumo de agua en bebés de cero a seis meses y los factores que inciden en este consumo.
Materiales y métodos: se hizo una revisión de la literatura en siete bases de dato electrónicas (Medline, Web of Science, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Cochrane Library y TÜBITAK) para estudios publicados hasta el 25 de abril de 2022, utilizando las palabras clave: agua potable, lactante y lactancia.
Resultados: La revisión sistemática incluyó 13 estudios. Cinco fueron estudios transversales, tres fueron descriptivos, cuasiexperimentales y los restantes fueron estudios de casos y controles, y de cohortes. En los estudios examinados se informó que le dieron agua al 86,2 % de los lactantes de seis semanas, al 44 % de los lactantes de un mes, al 77 % de los lactantes de tres meses, al 2,5 % de los lactantes de cuatro meses y al 2,5 % a 85 % de los lactantes de seis meses. Las razones principales para dar agua a los bebés son la idea de que los bebés necesitan agua y razones culturales.
Conclusiones: La lactancia materna exclusiva es la recomendación de las autoridades sanitarias para los bebés de cero a seis meses. Las enfermeras juegan un papel clave en la implementación de esta práctica. En esta revisión sistemática se observó que las familias daban agua a sus bebés en proporciones variables durante el período de cero a seis meses y se revelaron los factores que inciden en esta situación. Si las enfermeras determinan qué factores afectan a las familias en cuanto a la introducción temprana de líquidos, podrían planificar las medidas educativas y las intervenciones necesarias.

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  • Özge Karakaya Suzan Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4526-4619
  • Ozge Kaya Institute of Health Sciences, Nursing Doctorate Program, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey
  • Tugce Kolukısa Institute of Health Sciences, Nursing Doctorate Program, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey
  • Oguz Koyuncu Institute of Health Sciences, Nursing Doctorate Program, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey
  • Seda Tecik Institute of Health Sciences, Nursing Doctorate Program, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey
  • Nursan Cinar Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey

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Cómo citar
1.
Suzan Özge K, Kaya O, Kolukısa T, Koyuncu O, Tecik S, Cinar N. Consumo de agua en lactantes sanos de cero a seis meses y factores efectivos: una revisión sistemática. biomedica [Internet]. 30 de junio de 2023 [citado 15 de junio de 2024];43(2):181-99. Disponible en: https://revistabiomedica.org/index.php/biomedica/article/view/6745
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2023-06-30
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