Distribución de Aedes albopictus en Ibagué: potencial riesgo de brotes de arbovirosis

Cristian Camilo Canizales, Julio Cesar Carranza , Gustavo Adolfo Vallejo, Daniel Alfonso Urrea , .

Palabras clave: Aedes, arbovirus, control de vectores de las enfermedades, Colombia

Resumen

Introducción. Aedes albopictus es un vector de arbovirus como dengue, Zika, chikungunya y fiebre amarilla. Los primeros reportes en el continente americano datan de 1985 y dada su capacidad de adaptación ecológica y fisiológica, se ha distribuido rápidamente en el territorio colombiano desde su primer reporte en 1998.
Objetivo. Determinar la distribución de A. albopictus en las comunas de Ibagué, Colombia.
Materiales y métodos. Los muestreos se realizaron entre  mayo y noviembre de 2022 en zonas con abundante  vegetación de las 13 comunas de Ibagué. Se emplearon aspiradores y redes entomológicas. Los mosquitos fueron transportados al Laboratorio de Investigaciones en  Parasitología Tropical de la Universidad del Tolima para su determinación taxonómica.
Resultados. Se identificaron 708 ejemplares de A.  lbopictus, distribuidos en las comunas de Ibagué. La mayor abundancia del vector se presentó en las comunas 10, 11, 7, 8, 2 y 9. Las comunas 3, 4, 5, 6, 12 y 13 presentaron abundancias relativas cercanas al 3 %, y la comuna 1 tuvo una abundancia del 2 %.
Conclusiones. Aedes albopictus está distribuido en todas las comunas de Ibagué, probablemente su dispersión se ha visto favorecida por las condiciones ambientales y sociales de esta región. Se recomienda hacer seguimiento anual a las poblaciones de este vector y realizar una caracterización molecular de los arbovirus encontrados. Además, el conocer la distribución de este mosquito en la ciudad permitirá focalizar las estrategias de control entomológico y prevenir futuros brotes de arbovirosis.

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Cómo citar
1.
Canizales CC, Carranza JC, Vallejo GA, Urrea DA. Distribución de Aedes albopictus en Ibagué: potencial riesgo de brotes de arbovirosis. biomedica [Internet]. 1 de diciembre de 2023 [citado 2 de marzo de 2024];43(4):506-19. Disponible en: https://revistabiomedica.org/index.php/biomedica/article/view/7010

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