Estructura de comunidades en las redes semánticas de la investigación biomédica sobre disparidades en salud y sexismo

Lucero Soledad Rivera-Romano , Gabriela Juárez-Cano , Enrique Hernández-Lemus, Maite Vallejo , Mireya Martínez-García, .

Palabras clave: investigación biomédica, calidad de la atención de salud, disparidades en el estado de salud, sexismo, minería de datos, interpretación estadística de datos, web semántica

Resumen

Introducción. Como una iniciativa para mejorar la calidad de la atención sanitaria, en la investigación biomédica se ha incrementado la tendencia centrada en el estudio de las disparidades en salud y sexismo.
Objetivo. Caracterizar la evidencia científica sobre la disparidad en salud definida como la brecha existente entre la distribución de la salud y el posible sesgo por sexo en el acceso a los servicios médicos.
Materiales y métodos. Se hizo una búsqueda simultánea de la literatura científica en la base de datos Medline PubMed de dos descriptores fundamentales: Healthcare disparities y Sexism. Posteriormente, se construyó una red semántica principal y se determinaron algunas subunidades estructurales (comunidades) para el análisis de los patrones de organización de la información. Se utilizó el programa de código abierto Cytoscape para el analisis y la visualización de las redes y el MapEquation, para la detección de comunidades. Asimismo, se desarrolló código ex profeso disponible en un repositorio de acceso público.
Resultados. El corpus de la red principal mostró que los términos sobre las enfermedades del corazón fueron los descriptores de condiciones médicas más concurrentes. A partir de las subunidades estructurales, se determinaron los patrones de información relacionada con las políticas públicas, los servicios de salud, los factores sociales determinantes y los factores de riesgo, pero con cierta tendencia a mantenerse indirectamente conectados con los nodos relacionados con condiciones médicas.
Conclusiones. La evidencia científica indica que la disparidad por sexo sí importa para la calidad de la atención de muchas enfermedades, especialmente aquellas relacionadas con el sistema circulatorio. Sin embargo, aún se percibe un distanciamiento entre los factores médicos y los sociales que dan lugar a las posibles disparidades por sexo.

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Cómo citar
1.
Rivera-Romano LS, Juárez-Cano G, Hernández-Lemus E, Vallejo M, Martínez-García M. Estructura de comunidades en las redes semánticas de la investigación biomédica sobre disparidades en salud y sexismo. biomedica [Internet]. 2 de diciembre de 2020 [citado 19 de enero de 2021];40(4):702-21. Disponible en: https://revistabiomedica.org/index.php/biomedica/article/view/5182
Publicado
2020-12-02
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