Acoso laboral y sexual en residentes de cirugía general en Colombia

Luis Carlos Domínguez , Lilian Torregrosa , Liliana Cuevas, Laura Peña , Sebastián Sánchez , Mauricio Pedraza , Álvaro Sanabria, .

Palabras clave: acoso laboral, acoso sexual, discriminación, cirugía, personal médico hospitalario, estudios transversales

Resumen

Introducción: El acoso laboral y el acoso sexual son preocupaciones en la formación quirúrgica.
Objetivo: Exploramos la magnitud de estos problemas entre los residentes de cirugía general en Colombia.
Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio nacional en junio de 2020. Los residentes autoevaluaron su exposición a la intimidación y el acoso sexual en forma de acoso de género, atención sexual no deseada y coerción sexual. Se analizaron variables demográficas y perpetradores entre víctimas y no víctimas.
Resultados: Se incluyeron un total de 302 residentes. Las tasas de acoso laboral y sexual fueron del 49% y 14,9%, respectivamente. Las principales formas de acoso sexual correspondieron al acoso de género (47%) y la atención sexual no deseada (47%). El acoso sexual fue significativamente mayor entre las mujeres. Los cirujanos fueron los principales perpetradores.
Conclusiones: El acoso laboral y el acoso sexual son frecuentes en la formación quirúrgica en Colombia. Estos hallazgos conducen a intervenciones para mejorar la cultura educativa de los departamentos quirúrgicos para disminuir la prevalencia de estos comportamientos.

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Cómo citar
1.
Domínguez LC, Torregrosa L, Cuevas L, Peña L, Sánchez S, Pedraza M, et al. Acoso laboral y sexual en residentes de cirugía general en Colombia. biomedica [Internet]. 30 de junio de 2023 [citado 20 de junio de 2024];43(2):252-60. Disponible en: https://revistabiomedica.org/index.php/biomedica/article/view/6915

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2023-06-30
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