Urticaria por frío: serie de casos y revisión del tema

Jorge Mario Sánchez, Ruth Helena Ramírez, Liliana María Tamayo, Carlos Fernando Chinchilla, Ricardo Cardona, .

Palabras clave: urticaria, angioedema, anafilaxia, antagonistas de histamina, crioglobulinemia, frío

Resumen

La urticaria por frío es una de las cinco causas más frecuentes de urticarias crónicas; está incluida en el grupo de urticarias físicas y puede ocurrir luego de la exposición al frío, ya sea a través de un objeto, el aire o un líquido. Los pacientes pueden presentar síntomas de urticaria, angioedema, dificultad respiratoria e, incluso, anafilaxia al sacar objetos de la nevera, nadar en agua fría o al entrar a cuartos con aire acondicionado. A continuación se presentan cinco pacientes con diagnóstico de esta enfermedad y una breve revisión del tema.

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  • Jorge Mario Sánchez Grupo de Alergología Clínica y Experimental (GACE), Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia Fundación para el Desarrollo de las Ciencias Médicas y Biológicas (FUNDEMEB), Cartagena, Colombia
  • Ruth Helena Ramírez Grupo de Alergología Clínica y Experimental (GACE), Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
  • Liliana María Tamayo Grupo de Alergología Clínica y Experimental (GACE), Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
  • Carlos Fernando Chinchilla Grupo de Alergología Clínica y Experimental (GACE), Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
  • Ricardo Cardona Grupo de Alergología Clínica y Experimental (GACE), Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia

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Cómo citar
1.
Sánchez JM, Ramírez RH, Tamayo LM, Chinchilla CF, Cardona R. Urticaria por frío: serie de casos y revisión del tema. biomedica [Internet]. 1 [citado 29 de noviembre de 2020];31(2):168-77. Disponible en: https://revistabiomedica.org/index.php/biomedica/article/view/298
Sección
Presentación de caso